Safe and healthy work is nowadays an inseparable part of an employment relationship and this has an important impact on the social security system. The area of safety and health at work comprises the rights and obligations of employees and employers. Employees reasonably expect to be provided with a healthy working environment and social security in the event of a temporary or permanent incapacity to work. This study tested the hypothesis that, despite the social security law, the field of occupational diseases is inadequate in certain areas. Legal uncertainty mainly affects the regulation of the legal status of protected persons as regards the definition of the nature and content of the rights and obligations, as well as the legal relationships they enter. It also affects the possibility of establishing the claim of an insured person when seeking to exercise rights under the pension scheme. The state should take appropriate measures to protect the rights of workers.
employee, occupational injury, occupational disease, compulsory disability insurance, compulsory health insurance